We find that neural contrast response functions are highly susceptible to the measurement procedure itself so that the data obtained in some studies seriously underestimate the slope of the function and overestimate the threshold. Therefore, careful selection of the experimental data is required for general use and for constructing models of visual cortical function.
Comparisons of monocular and binocular properties of contrast gain control provide insights concerning the neural origin of the mechanism. Monocularly induced gain reductions are transferrable to the other eye, suggesting that gain control originates in part at a site following binocular convergence. However, binocular experiments conducted with interocular contrast mismatches indicate that the gain of the monocular pathways for each eye may be controlled independently. These results suggest that a single gain control mechanism is not sufficient to account for the properties exhibited by cortical neurons.